Slovenia

Heating and cooling in Slovenia

Slovenia has high RES potentials, especially in terms of biomass, sun and geothermal resources. The current use of biomass for individual heating is high, especially in small cities and rural areas, but the biomass is used mainly in inefficient individual heating systems. Most district heating is based on large scale fossil driven district heating networks. Although there are only few RES driven small-scale district heating networks in Slovenia today, the development of small scale district heating networks is a part of the Slovenian national energy plans and strategies. It is supported in a range of national tools like DOLB subsidies and supports schemes for small scale cogeneration plants. The main barriers are low awareness of positive impacts of centralised small scale DH (especially higher efficiency and less pollution with hard particles) of the general population, problematic legislation for above 1 MW district heating networks, existing use of biomass or individual heating, low price of heating oil and natural gas.
Practically no small scale district cooling or district heating projects in Slovenia exist. There are mainly large scale district heating systems in larger cities. Only a hand full of small scale district heating systems in Slovenia is using RES.

The target community and the follower communities are located within the rural area of north eastern Slovenia. As such they have especially high RES potentials. The communities are aware of the potential of small scale RES DH projects and there are numerous small settlements where such projects would be highly important (replacing inefficient biomass heating and expensive heating oil heating).

Ljutomer

Target community: Municipality of Ljutomer

The target community of Ljutomer includes almost 12,000 inhabitants in more than 40 settlements. The municipality represents a typical community in Slovenia. With one larger city of Ljutomer (almost 3,500 inhabitants) and a set of smaller dislocated communities. The municipality has large agricultural areas and rich forests. The predominant heating resource in the municipality are wood (used in predominantly old and ineffective individual stoves in rural areas), heating oil (used in individual heating, heating of larger objects and heating of larger residential buildings) and natural gas (being used in newer buildings, replacing especially heating oil). There are no district heating and/or cooling networks in the municipality. Whereas the concept of small district heating/cooling is very important for the municipality as it can represent an economic, green solution for replacing many existing (individual) heating devices which are becoming outdated and will have to be replaced in the following years. One of the target areas of the CoolHeating project in the Municipality of Ljutomer is a relatively developed village of Cven.

Cven is a village in the Municipality of Ljutomer in eastern Slovenia. The area traditionally belonged to the Styria region and is now included in the Mura Statistical Region. It has 589 inhabitants, 226 houses and 43 businesses. Potsherds and human remains from antiquity have been found in the settlement, testifying to early settlement in the area. The village was sacked during a peasant uprising in 1704, and the castle was also burned and never rebuilt. Cven Castle was surrounded by a meander in the Murica River on three sides and protected by a moat on the fourth side. Cven was known for horse breeding from the mid-19th century until the Second World War. Horse races were held as early as 1850 along the road from Ljutomer to Križevci pri Ljutomeru, and a horse racing society was established in 1875, which also set up a racetrack in Cven.

Cooperation with Follower communities:

Follower have the opportunity to learn from the CoolHeating process of initiating new projects. Information sharing with representatives of these municipalities and dedicated joint events multiplies the CoolHeating outcome. In Slovenia, the following two follower communities are involved:
• Municipality of Križevci
• Municipality of Gornja Radgona

CoolHeating Coordination

wip

WIP Renewable Energies

Sylvensteinstr. 2
81369 Munich
Germany

Phone: +49 89 720 12 735
Fax: +49 89 720 12 791
www.wip‐munich.de

Contact

Dominik Rutz
Dominik.Rutz@wip-munich.de
Phone: +49 89 720 12 739

Co-Funder

eu

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 691679.

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